This is acceptable and makes the cabinets among the most affordable of all hardwood cabinets. Birches are generally lowland species, but some species, such as Betula nana, have a montane distribution. Birches are early tree species to become established in primary successions, and can become a threat to heathland if the seedlings and saplings are not suppressed by grazing or periodic burning. It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae. Note: many American texts have B. pendula and B. pubescens confused, though they are distinct species with different chromosome numbers. [23], Genus of flowering plants in the family Betulaceae, Ashburner, K. & McAllister, H.A. What Type of Plywood for a Finished Countertop? [clarification needed][15] The low opacity makes it suitable for making glassine. They differ from the alders (Alnus, other genus in the family) in that the female catkins are not woody and disintegrate at maturity, falling apart to release the seeds, unlike the woody, cone-like female alder catkins. Birches are also associated with the Tír na nÓg, the land of the dead and the Sidhe, in Gaelic folklore, and as such frequently appear in Scottish, Irish, and English folksongs and ballads in association with death, or fairies, or returning from the grave. It makes for excellent furniture material on its own as long as it’s indoors. The buds form early and are full grown by midsummer, all are lateral, no terminal bud is formed; the branch is prolonged by the upper lateral bud. 1. Staminate aments are pendulous, clustered or solitary in the axils of the last leaves of the branch of the year or near the ends of the short lateral branchlets of the year. On a hardness scale, birch lumber ranks at the top with hard-rock maple, and in fact is often mistaken for maple. It makes for excellent furniture material on its own as long as it’s indoors. Birch hardwood flooring is available in two types: solid hardwood and engineered hardwood. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. And even though it is a relative to the oak, the lumber is much harder than oak. They have shallow roots and typically grow in cool, moist woodland soil. Reply. "Swinging" birch trees was a common game for American children in the nineteenth century. When birch plywood is made into a speaker cabinet, it does the same thing: It provides the speaker with rich, deep bass that resonates. The Birch tree grows all over the world and is popular for its wood, bark and extracts. [20] There are numerous folkloric Russian songs in which the birch tree occurs. Yellow birch is a great choice for hardwood flooring in almost any room. In 1888, the Umeå city fire spread all over the city and nearly burnt it down to the ground, but some birches, supposedly, halted the spread of the fire. [21] The poem inspired Robert Frost, who pays homage to the act of climbing birch trees in his more famous poem, "Birches". The birch fibres are, however, easily fibrillated and give about 75% of the tensile strength of softwood. The common name birch comes from Old English birce, bierce, from Proto-Germanic *berk-jōn (cf. The hardness of birch lends itself well to the manufacture of large, flat sheets of unbroken birch veneer that make excellent and affordable plywood. Distinctive colors give the common names gray, white, black, silver and yellow birch to different species. Birch Birch is a stiff, close-grained hardwood that grows primarily in northeast U.S. and Canada.A heavy wood, it has a high shock resistance. When the veneer is laminated to plywood, it creates a material that has the creamy, brown and white swirls that give birch plywood its character. Also, the ice hockey team of Umeå is called Björklöven, translated to English "The Birch Leaves". Baltic birch is among the most sought-after wood in the manufacture of speaker cabinets. The bark of all birches is characteristically marked with long, horizontal lenticels, and often separates into thin, papery plates, especially upon the paper birch. Anther cells open longitudinally. Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. The birch is New Hampshire's state tree and the national tree of Finland and Russia. The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. These scales bear two or three fertile flowers, each flower consisting of a naked ovary. Birch has a natural resonance that peaks in the high and low frequencies, which are also the hardest for speakers to reproduce. Proof of this adaptability is seen in its easy and eager ability to repopulate areas damaged by forest fires or clearings. Musicians and electronics manufacturers seek out birch because of an inherent resonant quality it imparts to speakers and musical instruments. It is also a common material used in mallets for keyboard percussion. Other species with ornamental white bark include Betula ermanii, Betula papyrifera, Betula pendula and Betula raddeana. Yellow birch rates 1,260, paper birch 910, and gray birch 760. Lending well to substitutions, birch has a benign grain pattern that ranges from dark chocolate brown to almost white. The wood of all the species is close-grained with a satiny texture and capable of taking a fine polish; its fuel value is fair. This wood is made out of entirely muscle and is one of the strongest hardwoods known to man. [22] Frost once told "it was almost sacrilegious climbing a birch tree till it bent, till it gave and swooped to the ground, but that's what boys did in those days". The wood of sweet and yellow birches is hard, strong and heavy. The pistillate scales are oblong-ovate, three-lobed, pale yellow-green often tinged with red, becoming brown at maturity. It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae. Birches often form even-aged stands on light, well-drained, particularly acidic soils. Birch is a native hardwood that comes from the genus Betula. Betula species are organised into five subgenera. They are regarded as pioneer species, rapidly colonizing open ground especially in secondary successional sequences following a disturbance or fire. The generic name betula is from Latin, which is a diminutive borrowed from Gaulish betua (cf. The genus. This type of flooring is often long-lasting and adds value to your home. Wood pulp made from birch gives relatively long and slender fibres for a hardwood. The Birch tree grows all over the world and is popular for its wood, bark and extracts. Birch is reserved for butcher blocks, some tool handles and specialty furniture. Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates. [11], In the European Union, a prescription gel containing birch bark extract (commercial name Episalvan, betulae cortex dry extract (5-10 : 1); extraction solvent: n-heptane 95% (w/w)) was approved in 2016 for the topical treatment of minor skin wounds in adults. Birch paper (Sanskrit: भुर्ज पत्र, bhurja patra) is exceptionally durable and was the material used for many ancient Indian texts. It is the most common selection and is lighter than other forms. When built into a drum shell, for example, birch produces a sound that has tone and depth that other drum shells cannot rival. I would like to add that massive birch is the most popular hardwood in Finland and the northern parts of scandinavia. Dutch berk, Low German Bark, Danish birk, Norwegian bjørk), itself from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰerHǵ- ~ bʰrHǵ-, which also gave Lithuanian béržas, Latvian Bērzs, Russian beryóza, Ukrainian beréza, Albanian bredh ‘fir’, Ossetian bærz(æ), Sanskrit bhurja, Polish brzoza, Latin fraxinus ‘ash (tree)’.

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