; structural-functionalist approach: A sociological approach to poverty that maintains that all parts of society (even poverty) contribute in some way or another to the larger system’s stability. The functionalist perspective, also called functionalism, is one of the major theoretical perspectives in sociology. Key Terms. In India also, from early times there was a subdivision of society in four groups namely Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras. b. Objectives 1.3. All societies provide some opportunity for social mobility. Functionalist The functionalist theory sees social stratification as functional and necessary for the survival of the social system. Social Stratification is something which has been visible and emphasized its effects on society. Social stratification has "cohesive systems", however, leads functionalist theories to be contrasted with "conflict theories" which instead emphasise social problems and inequalities. It was the time when discrimination between people can be seen openly adding to Social Stratification. Adopting the functionalist framework championed by Parsons, Davis and Moore maintained that society is a functioning social system, directly analogous to a living organism, which survives The two main proponents of this theory … principles of stratification’ in which they specified a clear (but ultimately controversial) conception of the sources and inevitably of stratification. From the root word stratum, it can be recognised that social stratification refers to a ranking of people or groups of people within a society. Social Stratification and Social Mobility: Social mobility refers to the movement within the social structure, from one social position to another. social stratification: The hierarchical arrangement of social classes, or castes, within a society. The concept of social stratification serves as one of the central in sociology. It has its origins in the works of Emile Durkheim, who was especially interested in how social order is possible or how society remains relatively stable.As such, it is a theory that focuses on the macro-level of social structure, rather than the micro-level of everyday life. c. Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race. Theories of Social Stratification. Home » Social Startification » Functionalist Theory Functionalist Theory Talcott Parsons believe that order, stability and cooperation in society are based on value consensus that is a general agreement by members of society concerning what is good and worthwhile. The functionally more important roles should be given higher prestige and social rewards. MSO 104-Social Stratification Page 4 UNIT 1: SOCIAL STRATIFICATION: THE CONCEPT OF STRATIFICATION IN SOCIOLOGY UNIT STRUCTURE 1.1 Introduction 1.2. Decline of functionalism Structural functionalism reached its crescendo in the 1940s and 1950s, and by the 1960s was in rapid decline. Social inequality is not a source of conflict. Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory. The Functionalist Theory of Social Stratification has been subjected to several important criticisms; the major opponent being Melvin Tumin. It means a change in social status. d. Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility. Basic concepts of Social Stratification 1.4 Dimensions of Social Stratification 1.4.1 Class 1.4.2 Status groups 1.4.3 Power 1.4.4 Authority 1.4.5 Prestige 1.4.6 Property 1.4.7. He questioned the adequacy of the measurement of the functional importance of positions as laid out by David and Moore. Many alternative theories have attracted great interest, and though functionalist and Marxist theories of stratification are still exceptionally significant, as society changes and develops, they must take their place alongside a growing number of sociological theories. In these Notes we are going to focus our attention on the various ways in which social stratification has been analysed and explained by a number of different writers working within a variety of theoretical perspectives. [7] By

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